Industrial revolution, in modern history, the process of change from an agrarian and handicraft economy to one dominated by industry and machine manufacturingthis process began in britain in the 18th century and from there spread to other parts of the world. The industrial revolution was a time of great age throughout the world it represented major change from 1760 to the period 1820-1840 the movement originated in great britain and affected everything from industrial manufacturing processes to the daily life of the average citizen. Britain was the birthplace of the industrial revolution because of its power and resources the small island country had extensive natural resources these natural resources included: water power and coal to fuel the new machines, iron ore to construct machines, tools, and buildings, rivers for inland transportation, and harbors from which. Introduction the industrial revolution began in britain for a number of different reasons see image one britain had access to a number of natural resources, such as iron and coal. Britain is not the biggest country on earth, nor are our people any more clever than any other nation so why did this country have an industrial revolution before any other.
The industrial revolution and great britain - since the advent of man, the human race has gone through many changes throughout history one of the greatest and most crucial changes was the industrial revolution of great britain. Historians may disagree on most aspects of the industrial revolution, but one thing they do agree on is that eighteenth-century britain experienced a huge change in the economic field of goods, production and technology, and the social sphere, in urbanization and treatment of workers the reasons. The members of the upper classes in britain, unlike their counterparts in the continent, pursued their wealth in the new industrial framework with great enthusiasm they worked in close co-operation with the middle classes and artisans which greatly facilitated the industrial revolution. Social and political impact of the first phase of the industrial revolutionfrom 1800 to 1850, the population of england and wales doubled, from nine million to eighteen million during the same period, the proportion of people living in cities rose from 10 percent to 50 percent.
First, there was no great 'take-off' in industrialisation or productivity: in britain industrial employment increased by just 12% between 1759 and 1851, similarly total factor productivity increased by just 04% a year until the 1830s. Life in great britain during the industrial revolution underwent vast social and economic changes, the result of developments in mechanised working methods, and the introduction of the factory system and the steam engine the lives of large sections of the population of great britain underwent massive changes during the industrial revolution. -in great britain in the mid to late 1700s •why great britain world's first bridge made entirely of cast iron, industrial belts in the world today and why.
Great britain's successful global trade empire it could draw in raw materials it required or use as markets to sell its goods enclosures act process which ends traditional rights such as mowing meadows for hay, or grazing livestock on common land formerly held in the open field system. Finance is the prime maker of growth anyway, capital for industry and entrepreneurial zeal were severely and conspicuously scarce in india when the east india company (1600-1874) stepped into this country. The industrial revolution first developed in great britain for several reasons the two most important of these are abundant supply of coal and iron and the economic advantages accruing to the. The industrial revolution began in britain for a number of reasons first, the country had raw materials , like iron ore and coal other materials, like cotton came from overseas colonies. Great britain became a powerful empire because it was the birthplace and leading force in the industrial revolution, which was a cultural and economic shift from home-based production, traditional.
The industrial revolution began in great britain because of the textile industry , they had a abundance of cotton used in the making of the textiles new machines were invented because of manufacturing of clothing at home. The next main reason for why britain was the first to industrialize was the large supplies of coal present in the country coal was a necessary ingredient in the industrial process as it fueled the steam engines that were used in trains, ships and all other sorts of machinery. To explain why britain was the first country to experience a successful industrial revolution that eventually turned into modern economic growth , thus writing the first lines of a n ew. Displayed great britain's industrial wealth to world one of the chief reasons why europe initially lagged behind england in industrialization was a lack of roads and a mean of transportation. Crafts traced britain's first industrial revolution from 1750, where britain had just a 19% share of world industrial production, through to 1880 when it reached a peak of over 20.
By 1850, britain had become the first industrialized country in the world, with over half of its people living in cities it controlled ninety per cent of europe's steam shipping along with half of the world's iron and two-thirds of its coal production. The term industrial revolution was coined by auguste blanqui, a french economist, in 1837 to denote the economic and social changes arising out of the transition from industries carried in the homes with simple instruments, to industries in factories with power-driven machinery in britain, but it came into vogue when arnold toynbee, the great historian, used it in 1882. Great britain: it was not grown domestically, for environmental reasons, and was greatly exceeded in importance by other fibers, such as wool, flax, and imported silk in 1700, only 500 tons of cotton were imported by great britain. However the industrial revolution had created severe social problems, as britain became the world's most urbanised country over half of her population lived in cities the social problems were to be found especially in the area of housing , education and health care.
Between 1900 and 1950, every one of the old european powers except for great britain had fallen, and great britain was bankrupt the soviet union had succeeded to the territory of the russian empire, but the soviet union, too, fell before the end of the 20th century. The first transformation to an industrial economy from an agricultural one, known as the industrial revolution, took place from the mid-18th to early 19th century in certain areas in europe and north america starting in great britain, followed by belgium, germany, and france. A major reason why britain grew tremendously wealthy was the wealth of its colonies in india, their arrival coincided with the peak of the mughal empire and they were in no state to take on its might.
By the 1760s, britain was the foremost european country engaged in the slave trade, owning more than fifty percent of the africans transported from africa to the americas the british involvement in the slave trade lasted from 1562 to until the abolishment of slavery in 180—a period of 245 years.