Paycheck fairness act: 50th anniversary of the equal pay act of 1963 this year marks the 50th anniversary of president john f kennedy's signing of the equal pay act of 1963 this landmark piece of federal anti-discrimination law was one of the very first to address gender-based pay disparities. Boston college industrial and commercial law review volume xvi november 1974 number 1 the equal pay act of 1963: a decade of enforcement albert h ross and frank v mcdermott, jr. The equal pay act of 1963 made it illegal for employers to pay men more than women performing the same job, and yet more than 50 years later the gender wage gap still persists why hasn't the. Equal pay act john f kennedy was the 35th president who served in office from january 20,1961 to november 22, 1963 one of the important events during his presidency was the equal pay act prohibited sex discrimination (gender-based discrimination) by employers.
The eeoc or equal employment opportunity commission was developed and created through the title vii of the civil rights act of 1964 however, it has a mission that has been shaped by numerous pieces of legislation. (c) ledbetter's paycheck accrual rule is also not supported by either analogies to the statutory regimes of the equal pay act of 1963, the fair labor standards act of 1938, or the national labor relations act, or policy arguments for giving special treatment to pay claims pp 21-24. The equal pay act (epa) is a part of the fair labor standards act (flsa), the federal law governing wage and hour matters, and applies to all employers covered under the flsa (for information about covered employers, see practice note, wage and hour law: overview: covered employers and employees.
The equal pay act (epa) requires employers to give men and women equal pay for equal work only jobs that are quite similar qualify as equal under the epa there are also a handful of exceptions to the law that allow employers to pay men and women differently, as long as the difference isn't based on sex discrimination. House vote #29 in 1963 (88 th congress) equal pay act re quiring that equal work be compensated with equal pay r egardless of the sex of the workers open rule (h res 362) for debate on the bill. The equal pay act of 1963 is an amendment to the us fair labor standards act of 1938 organizations that violate this act are vulnerable to penalization.
Continue reading holy act of congress, batman equal pay for equal work equal pay for equal work tagged adam west , batgirl , batman , civil rights act of 1964 , department of labor , equal pay act of 1963 , lilly ledbetter , psa 5 comments. Increased by $050 an hour (or such lesser amount as may be necessary to equal the minimum wage under section 6(a)(1) of such act), beginning 1 year after the date of enactment of this act and each year thereafter until the minimum wage applicable to the commonwealth of the northern mariana islands under this paragraph is equal to the minimum. Equal pay act of 1963 in an effort to end gender-based discrimination in labor wages, congress enacted the equal pay act of 1963, pub l no 88-38, 77 stat 56 (codified at 29 usca § 206(b).
Equal pay act of 1963 prohibits differential rates of pay on the basis of sex for those who do equal work on jobs, the performance of which requires equal skill, effort and responsibility, and which are performed under similar working conditions, except where such pay is made pursuant to. Equal pay act of 1963, as amended---disclaimer---editor's note: the following is the text of the equal pay act of 1963 (pub l 88-38) (epa), as amended, as it appears in volume 29 of the united states code, at section 206(d. Four years ago, the paycheck fairness act, a long-overdue update to the equal pay act of 1963, which would strengthen the law to help close the ongoing gender wage gap, failed to move forward on a. How did the fight for equal pay evolve over a century of united states politics what did the equal pay act of 1963 enshrine in law, and what effect did it have on us workplaces. The equal pay act of 1963 is the landmark law that requires employers to pay male and female employees equally for substantially equal work until the act was signed into law it was perfectly legal and common practice to openly.
A federal law, the equal pay act (epa), requires employers to pay men and women equally for doing the same work -- equal pay for equal work the equal pay act was passed in 1963 as an amendment to the fair labor standards act and can be found at 29 usc § 206. The equal pay act doesn't directly affect interviews, however gender discrimination, the basis for the equal pay act, does show up in interview settings, and more specifically, in the hiring process. Download file equal pay act of 1963 to see previous pages the equal pay act of 1963 prohibits discrimination on account of sex in the payment of wages by employers engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce.
The equal pay act of 1963 was a law amending the fair labor standards act it was signed into law on june 10, 1963 by john f kennedy as part of his new frontier program. I am delighted today to approve the equal pay act of 1963, which prohibits arbitrary discrimination against women in the payment of wages this act represents many years of effort by labor, management, and several private organizations unassociated with labor or management, to call attention to the unconscionable practice of paying female employees less wages than male employees for the same job. The equal pay act (epa) made it illegal to pay men and women differently for similar work although the epa was passed in 1963, it was debated in workplaces and courtrooms for decades thereafter. Facts about equal pay and compensation discrimination the right of employees to be free from discrimination in their compensation is protected under several federal laws, including the following enforced by the us equal employment opportunity commission: the equal pay act of 1963, title vii of the civil rights act of 1964, the age discrimination in employment act of 1967, and title i of the.
The paycheck fairness act ( s 819 and hr 1869 ) is a proposed us labor law that would add procedural protections to the equal pay act of 1963 and the fair labor standards act as part of an effort to address the gender pay gap in the united states. Equal pay act of 1963 the equal pay act, signed in to law by president john f kennedy on june 10, 1963, was one of the first federal anti-discrimination laws that addressed wage differences based on gender. The equal pay act of 1963 calls for a federal equal pay law coalesced in the early 1960s during the administration of president john f kennedy.