In a passage from his book psychology, william james proposed the idea of knowledge of acquaintance and knowledge about as he wrote to open the passage there are two kinds of knowledge, broadly and practically distinguishable: we may call them respectively knowledge of acquaintance and knowledge-about. Knowledge of things, when it is of the kind we call knowledge by acquaintance, is essentially simpler than any knowledge of truths, and logically independent of knowledge of truths, though it would be rash to assume that human beings ever, in fact, have acquaintance with things without at the same time knowing some truth about them. Knowledge by acquaintance knowledge by acquaintance is knowledge of an object that depends solely on one's acquaintance with the object by contrast, knowledge by description is knowledge of an object that depends on one's knowledge of descriptive truths about the object.
This feature is not available right now please try again later. Acquaintance with facts, truths, or principles, as from study or investigation general erudition: knowledge of many things familiarity or conversance, as with a particular subject or branch of learning: a knowledge of accounting was necessary for the job. In philosophy, a distinction is often made between two different kinds of knowledge: knowledge by acquaintance and knowledge by description knowledge by acquaintance is obtained through a direct causal (experience-based) interaction between a person and the object that that person is perceiving (recent work in epistemology deploys related ideas concerning acquaintance in developing an epistemology of knowing other persons. An acquaintance is a person one knows, though not intimately: a casual acquaintance at school an associate is a person who is often in one's company, usu because of some work or pursuit in common: a business associate.
Identifying the difference between knowledge and skills knowledge is information acquired through sensory input: reading, watching, listening, touching, etc the concept of knowledge refers to familiarity with factual information and theoretical concepts. Some philosophers distinguish knowledge by acquaintance from knowledge by description roughly along the following lines: knowledge by acquaintance is a unique form of knowledge where the subject has direct, unmediated, and non-inferential access to what is known whereas knowledge by description is a type of knowledge that is indirect, mediated, and inferential. Knowledge by acquaintance i53 acquaintance is designed to emphasize, more than the word presen- tation, the relational character of the fact with which we are concerned. Knowledge by acquaintance: per russell, acquaintance knowledge is an awareness that occurs below the level of specific identifications of things knowledge by acquaintance is knowledge of a general quality of a thing, such as its shape, color, or smell. Acquaintance, knowledge, and logic: new essays on bertrand russell's the problems of philosophy (lecture notes) [donovan wishon, bernard linsky] on amazoncom free shipping on qualifying offers.
In practical knowledge of language, c-h tsai criticizes the arguments in swimming and speaking spanish (this issue, pp 331-341), on the grounds that its account of knowledge of language as knowledge-how is mistaken in its place, he proposes an alternative account in terms of russell's concept knowledge-by-acquaintance. The contrasting expressions knowledge by acquaintance and knowledge by description  were promoted by bertrand russell, who was extremely critical of the equivocal nature of the word know, and believed that the equivocation arose from a failure to distinguish between the two fundamentally different types of knowledge. Synonyms: knowledge, information, learning, erudition, scholarship, lore 1 these nouns refer to what is known, as through study or experience knowledge is the broadest: science is organized knowledge (herbert spencer.
The verb 'to know' can be used both in ascriptions of propositional knowledge (eg, 'mary knows that smith smokes') and ascriptions of knowledge of acquaintance (eg, 'mary knows smith'. Sleeping rain sounds 24/7 distant thunder & rain sounds for sleeping relaxing asmr insomnia relief 24relax 443 watching live now. This distinguishes descriptive knowledge from what is commonly known as know-how, or procedural knowledge (the knowledge of how, and especially how best, to perform some task), and knowing of, or knowledge by acquaintance (the knowledge of something's existence.
The first type of knowledge is personal knowledge, or knowledge by acquaintance knowledge in this sense is to do with being familiar with something: in order to know amy, one must have met her in order to know fear, one must have experienced it. The terminology is most clearly associated with bertrand russell, but the distinction between knowledge by acquaintance and knowledge by description is arguably a critical component of classical or traditional versions of foundationalism.
Chapter 5 - knowledge by acquaintance and knowledge by description summary after distinguishing two types of knowledge, knowledge of things and knowledge of truths, russell devotes this fifth chapter to an elucidation of knowledge of things. Acquaintance is also having knowledge about something specific, like horror films or the farming techniques of chinese peasants the root of acquaintance is the old french word acointier , a verb meaning make known. This knowledge by acquaintance and knowledge by description theory was a famous epistemological problem-solver for russell its innovative character allowed him to shift to his moderate realism, a realism ruled by a more definite categorization of objects.